Exercise List

This page contains all the announcements from the whole semester.


02 Web Search exercises

by samooresamoore (09 Sep 2008 23:11; last edited on 13 Sep 2008 18:53)

Exercises

  1. Explore Web search engines. We're going to compare three different Web search engines. First, we are going to do a basic search at each of them. What types of information are returned by each? How do they differ from each other?
    • Search for [climate change] at Google
    • Search for [climate change] at Yahoo
    • Search for [climate change] at Live Search
  2. Explore Blog search engines. Now we're going to look at three different blog search engines. We're going to search for the same term at each of these as well. What types of information are returned by these? What kinds of queries would you expect to use at a blog search engine?
  3. Other search engines. Again search for [climate change]. What information is captured by these search engines? When would you use either one of these search engines?
    • At Google News
    • At Clipoid
    • At Google Images
    • At Yahoo Directory — after entering the term and getting the results page, be sure to click on “Climate change” under “Related Search Categories” at the top of the page. Then explore this page that you get back. What is the benefit of this Web directory versus the full text search engines that you're familiar with?
  4. Search for [gerald ford]. Now search for [gerald ford] but not [automotive] and not [cars]. Notice how many documents are returned for the first search compared with the second. What pages are removed from the results?
  5. Search for pages that have ["climate change"] in the page title (Google & Yahoo)
  6. Search for [climate change] but only get results from epa.gov (Google & Yahoo)
  7. Search for [climate change] but only get results from government sites (Google & Yahoo)
  8. Search for [climate change] but only get results for sites that have [library] in the URL (Google & Yahoo)
  9. Search for pages that link to http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ (Google & Yahoo)
  10. Search for information about financial information about Ford (stock symbol “F”) (Google & Yahoo)

03 Wiki Tutorial exercises

by samooresamoore (09 Sep 2008 23:16; last edited on 13 Sep 2008 18:51)

Exercises

We have a couple of goals for today's exercises. The first one is for you to set up a new wikidot site that you will use for your project. The second one is for you to become familiar with the wikidot site, wikidot tools, and editing wikidot pages.

Basics

For each one of the following steps, there is a video available on this page.

  1. Create your own site
  2. Update your profile
  3. Invite me (samoore) to be a member of your site
  4. Create a page called “test page” and use it to practice entering and editing text. Be sure to know how to do the following: simple paragraphs, text formatting (bold, italics), headings, lists, block quotes, links (of all types), inserting an image, tables, and user names.
  5. After you have entered a bunch of text, then see what the page would look like when printed
  6. Find the wikidot syntax documentation and look through it to see what else wikidot can do
  7. Modify the top menu

Templates

Most of the above (except for, maybe, the ability to modify the top menu) is available on almost every wiki engine out there. However, the following “template” capabilities are only rarely available. It's slightly tricky, but the benefits are substantial — and once you figure out the steps, then it's quite easy to do. Do the following; after you have completed the steps it will be easier to figure out what you've done (and I'll provide an explanation below).

Add the blog template

Create a file called “blog:_template” (exactly like that, with the colon and the underscore). Copy the following code into the document.

By %%author%% (%%date|%a, %b %e at %I:%M%p%%)

%%content%%

----
putBlogContentHere

Very important: After copying the above code into the document, change the four dashes to four = signs. (If I changed them to equal signs in this document that you're reading right now, then it messes up the formatting of this page that you're reading. Sorry.)

Save the page. It will display but won't look like a normal page because of all of those percent signs. That's okay. We'll see what this page does in a minute.

More information about templates can be found on this page.

Add the bloglist page

Create a page called “bloglist”. Note there is nothing magical about this document name; I could have used anything.

Copy the following code into the document.

This page contains all my blogs from the whole semester. It is sorted in reverse order of the date that the blog entry was created.

[[module ListPages category="blog" separate="false" order="dateDesc"]]
----

++ %%linked_title%%

+++++ by %%author%% (%%date|%a, %m/%d/%y%%; last edited on %%date_edited|%a, %m/%d/%y%%)

%%body%%
[[/module]]

More information on the ListPage module can be found on this page.

Create a test blog page

Create a page called “blog:My first test blog” (just like that, with the colon and the spaces between the words). Add some content to the page: “This is my first blog entry. I hope it works.” (Or something similarly simple.) Notice that your name doesn't appear on the page at this point.

Save this page.

View the bloglist page

Navigate to the “bloglist” page. See what it shows you? It should have your blog entry, complete with title and byline. As you write more blog entries, they will continue to appear on this page as long as you continue to name your blog page “blog:xxx”, where xxx is the title of your blog entry.

This is a very cool feature of wikidot.

Now click on the title of your blog entry (within the bloglist page). This will take you to a separate page containing just the entry of this particular blog. Notice that this page is also complete with your name and editing information — even though you didn't type them into the original document. The blog template that you created took care of that nifty bit of magic.

Related documentation


04 Search Techniques And Strategies Exercises

by samooresamoore (13 Sep 2008 18:57; last edited on 15 Sep 2008 15:09)

Exercises

Start up

  1. Go to the Google home page.
  2. Sign in to iGoogle. (If you don't have a iGoogle account, then create one.)
  3. Change the preferences (the “preferences” button next to the search box) so that it returned 50 documents instead of 10.

Special search syntax

Don't forget about the quick-and-dirty search syntax page. You will also want to refer to the more complete GoogleGuide quick reference and Yahoo Cheat Sheet.

Suppose you are interested in steel futures. Let's see how these different syntaxes affect the results that you get.

“Steel futures” example

  1. Search for [steel futures] at Google.
    • What documents does this return?
    • How many documents does this query return? Write this number down.
    • Scan down the list of documents. Note the titles of the documents. Do these all seem to be about steel futures?
  2. Search for ["steel futures"] at Google.
    • What documents does this return?
    • How many documents does this query return? Write this number down. Is this a useful change? What are the benefits and drawbacks of this change?
    • Again, scan down the list of documents. Note the titles of the documents. Do these all seem to be about steel futures?
  3. Make sure that both the word steel and the word futures are in title.
    • How many documents does this query return? Write this number down. Is this a useful change? What are the benefits and drawbacks of this change?
    • Scan down the list of documents. Note the titles of the documents. Do these all seem to be about steel futures?
  4. Make sure that the phrase steel futures is in the title.
    • How many documents does this query return? Write this number down. Is this a useful change? What are the benefits and drawbacks of this change?
    • Scan down the list of documents. Note the titles of the documents. Do these all seem to be about steel futures?
  5. Further refine the above query by ensuring that the document comes from a US-based company (this means that the document comes from a host that ends in .com).
  6. Now make sure that the document comes from something other than a US-based company.
  7. Make sure that, in addition to the document having the phrase steel futures in it, the URL has the word library in it.
  8. You are not interested in the results about the story related to the London Metal Exchange. Define a query that returns documents with the phrase steel futures but not these other stories.
  9. Notice that the documents sometimes refer to the London Metals Exchange. We don't want these stories either. Refine the query appropriately.

Reflect back on where you started above with just a simple query and where you ended up. What does this tell you about the usefulness of thinking about the contents of your query?

Other queries

  1. Suppose you figured out that you don't even know the meaning of futures. Enter a query that returns this definition.
  2. Looking through the results, you are interested in The Steel Index. You wonder who else might be interested enough in this site to link to it on their site. Define a query that finds these web pages.
  3. Suppose that you want to know about the Indian automobile industry. What would you do? Define your query and run it.
    • Here is what I did to return 2,860 documents.
    • What is the strength of your query compared with mine? What are its weaknesses?
  4. The home page of the Ross School of Business BBA Program is www.bus.umich.edu/bba. Suppose you want to figure out what sites other than Ross sites link to this page. What is the query you would submit to Google?

Unique words & phrases

  1. Search for information about behavioral finance.
    1. Start with just those two words
    2. Join them within quotes
    3. Now look through the summaries of the first 10-30 documents that are returned. See what concepts, terms, words you might add to the query in order to make the documents that are returned "meatier". Go ahead and add them and look again at the results.
    4. Are there pages that are descriptions of books mixed in with your results? Get rid of them. There are probably a couple of ways that you might try.
    5. Get just the URLs that are housed at educational institutions.
  2. Find the lyrics to "Louie, Louie" by the Kingsmen. The only words that I am relatively certain of are "me gotta go". Other than that, good luck.
  3. Look for lyrics for a song of your own choosing.

Query specificity

  1. Think of some topic that you would like to know more about, and use Google, Yahoo, and Ask to find out more about it. Use Google Suggest, Yahoo Search Assist, and other related tools to explore the topic. Continually build the query's complexity until it returns the information you need with a relatively high precision.

Alternative naming

People

You want to find information on Thomas Alva Edison, but not Thomas Edison University or Thomas Edison College.

  1. Create a query in Google that returns a reasonable number of documents, that returns high quality documents. Be complete with the name forms that you try.
  2. Find information on Yahoo as well.
  3. Find encyclopedic entries.
  4. Build a comprehensive query that uses all of the name forms and returns all types of information but which maintains relatively high precision.

Places

Find information on Wrigley Field in Chicago. Define the query so that it returns a reasonable number of high quality documents.


05 More Search Techniques And Strategies

by samooresamoore (17 Sep 2008 01:43; last edited on 17 Sep 2008 18:44)

Exercises

  1. Come up with a list of 30-40 cities in Michigan.
  2. How many types of poodles are there?
  3. How many people are in the United States?
  4. How many teams are in the National Rugby League?
  5. On your personal wiki, create a page for research notes — call it “Research Notes”. (Shocking!) Related to your project, you should start using it to keep track of the sites that you visit, the queries that you run, and the types of information you find. This is for your own personal use, but you will find it useful as you work through the semester to have these notes to refer back to. I will not ever check on this page; this is just a hint on my part to help you with your project.

06 Web Directories

by samooresamoore (22 Sep 2008 02:00; last edited on 22 Sep 2008 02:00)
  1. Find some glossaries of business terms.
  2. Search for your personal topic on the following:
    • Mailing lists
    • Google Groups
    • Yahoo Groups
  3. Use Google to find specialty resources (links, directory, resources, what's new — that type of stuff) related to your personal topic.
  4. Find business dictionaries and glossaries at
    • The Glossarist
    • Google Directory Listing of Dictionaries
    • Any of the other glossary or dictionary listings

07 RSS Intro exercises

by samooresamoore (24 Sep 2008 13:44; last edited on 24 Sep 2008 14:05)

Exercises

What we're going to do first is get you signed up for on Web-based RSS feed reader. The one we're going to use to start with is Bloglines. Most students last year used this feed reader all semester and we're satisfied with it; a few others used Google Blog Reader for various reasons. (“Resistance is futile.”) This doesn't have to be the one that you'll use forever because you can export your feeds out of it and then import them into another feed reader later. So we just need to give you a place to store them while you go through this exercise. You may (or may not) want to change RSS feed readers later. We'll see how to do that in this exercise.

Next, we'll try out multiple different ways of finding RSS feeds that are related to one topic. If you don't know one yourself, you should try out [sustainable business], [sustainable enterprise], and [sustainable development]. Pretend that you're interested in this topic; pretend that you want to keep up with this topic for a period of time and you want to find 10-20 useful RSS feeds that you are going to monitor for the next month or two in order to get up to speed on the topic. If you have already chosen your term project topic, then you should definitely use that topic during this exercise.

BTW, as you work through this tutorial, you are absolutely required to add to it if you feel it can be improved, changing it so that it would be more useful for others in this class and future classes. Thanks!

  1. Sign up for account with Bloglines.
    • If you are completing this assignment on your own computer, then you should definitely go to the page that allows you to add a bookmarklet to your browser toolbar. This makes subscribing to feeds much easier. You will use this tool over and over for the rest of this semester — and beyond (really!).
    • If you aren't working on your own computer right now, you can always go back and do this later.
  2. Now you're going to use some features of Bloglines to find some feeds and then subscribe to them. You should use bloglines for this step whether or not you are using it as your feed reader.
  3. Run a search for a term (or set of terms) on Bloglines. This finds RSS articles that match your query.
    • Under Matching feeds (to the right) you can find feeds (not individual articles, but whole feeds) that match your query.
    • Under each article, notice that you can preview the feed and subscribe to the feed.
    • You can sort the result articles by relevance, date, or popularity.
    • You can subscribe to the search itself.
  4. Look again at the search box in Bloglines. Next to it is a drop down box that allows you to search for posts, feeds, citations, the Web, or a specific URL. Try out each one of these. When would you use these different choices?
  5. Now you're going to move on to other searchable feed databases. Try out searches in each one of the following. Explore the results that the tool gives you. Subscribe to the feeds (that is, into your bloglines account) that you find interesting and/or useful. If you find some that are outside of the scope of the class, that's okay, too. What types of useful information does it give you that helps you find useful information?
    • Google Blog Search
      • Investigate Related blogs", Sorted by relevance'' vs “Sorted by date”
      • At the bottom of the page are three items:
        • Email alert — we'll talk about this in an upcoming class. Don't do anything with this for now.
        • Blog search gadget — Useful if you find a really good query that you want to monitor very carefully; otherwise, skip this — you can get the same effect with an RSS feed
        • Blog search feed for Google Reader — if you end up using Google Blog Reader, then this would be helpful. If you're using Bloglines, you can simply click on the Sub/bloglines button in your toolbar and get the same effect.
    • Technorati
      • Search for posts. Under “Posts” near the top of the page is the phrase (or something like it “Search in tags only of blogs with some authority in English”). These are the options that are set for the search. Click on the “change” button next to it and explore what options are available.
      • Now search for blogs. Your query might have to change because now you're searches are more like a web directory search than a full-text search.
      • Check out Technorati's blog directory.
    • Blogpulse
      • Search for [google android]
      • Then click on the “trend this” icon and see how this topic exploded recently.
    • Blogs.com
      • Search for [google android apple iphone]. How are these results sorted? (I have no idea.)
      • For fun (and possibly some useful information), check out their lists of ``Top 10 Blogs''.
    • IceRocket
      • Search for [barack obama]
      • Then click on “Results Trend” on the left side of the screen.
  6. One possible blog topic that you might write about is the following: Pick at least three of the most interesting tools. You'll describe how to use the tool (go into more detail if there's anything tricky about it — don't feel the need to explain the obvious), what type of information is returned, and why you found this to be interesting or useful. Also, would you prefer any of these tools to the exclusion of the others; if so, under what circumstances?

08 RSS Lab exercises

by samooresamoore (28 Sep 2008 23:12; last edited on 29 Sep 2008 16:43)

Exercises

Your goal today is to find feeds for your term project.

Finish last class

  1. Finish the exercises from last class. There's a couple more general things that I want you to do after you finish those exercises but before you start today's activities.
  2. Go to your bloglines account.
  3. Use the “search” field to search for posts on some particular topic. When you define the search just how you want it, you can subscribe to this search so that you're notified when new posts on this topic are made.
    1. In the right panel should be “Home > My Feeds” with a list of things you can do at the site.
    2. Scroll down to “What interests you?”.
    3. Click on “Track future web articles by creating a search subscription”
    4. Enter the search that you want to track.
  4. Use the tools in Technorati (and other searchable feed databases — see bottom of page) to easily find more popular blogs that you might want to add to your feed list.
  5. Be sure to investigate Blogpulse and Iterend. These are both good tools (in different ways) for following developing stories.

Searchable subject indices

  1. Now, you're going to explore the searchable subject indices of RSS feeds.
  2. You're going to browse Syndic8.
    • Browse, search, and add any feeds for your project that look useful.
  3. Now you're going to try the NewsIsFree site.
    • Browse, search, and add any feeds for your project that look useful.
  4. Next up is the RSS Network site.
    • Browse, search, and add any feeds for your project that look useful.
  5. Next, you're going to use the Yahoo Search Directory.
    • You can subscribe to updates to a specific category within the Yahoo Directory. Do so if you would find this useful.

Sharing your list of RSS feeds (blogroll)

  1. Go to your Bloglines account.
  2. Get it so that your feeds on listed on the left.
  3. At the top of the panel on the left, click on “Options”.
  4. Click on “Blog Settings” at the top.
  5. For “Show my Blogroll” (not Blog), ensure that the radio button for “Yes, publish my Blogroll” is selected.
  6. Click on “Save changes” at the bottom.
  7. At the bottom of the panel on the left, click on the “Share” link.
  8. Notice the bold URL under “/public” near the bottom of the right panel. This is the URL that you can give to people to share your list of RSS feeds.
    • You should create a menu choice in your wiki that points to this URL (with your public blogroll).
  9. Make sure your bloglines username is in the username field, and then put _top in the “Link Target” field.
  10. Click on the “Generate HTML” button.
  11. Note the second link of code that begins with http://rpc. Call this whole line the RPC URL.

Now that you have the RPC URL, you need to get the blogroll into your wiki. What you would like to do is to insert a script tag within your page, but wikidot does not yet support inserting a bloglines blogroll. Thus, what we're going to have to do is to create a Web page on your personal Web site (at umich.edu), put your blogroll on that page, and then insert that page (from your personal Web site) into your wikidot site. It's too complicated, but we'll see if we can do it.

Create a text file on your local computer called blogroll.html with the following content (use NotePad, not Word — it needs to be plain text!) and save the file in C:\TEMP:

<html>
<head><title>Bloglines Blogroll</title></head>
<body>
<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript" src="http://rpc.bloglines.com/blogroll?id=samoore&target=_top"></script> 
</body>
</html>
  1. Log on to your MFile space.
  2. You should already have Public/html directories. Navigate to within them if you do. Talk to me if you don't.
  3. Create a folder named bit330f08 within this folder.
  4. Upload the file you just created into bit330f08.
  5. Verify that you can see this file in your browser: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~UNIQNAME/bit330f08/blogroll.html
  6. If you can see the file, then continue. If you can't, then talk with me.
  7. Go to your wiki and create a page called blogroll. The contents should be the following (be sure that you change UNIQNAME to your uniqname.
[[iframe http://www-personal.umich.edu/~UNIQNAME/bit330f08/blogroll.html scrolling="yes" frameborder="0" border="0" width="30%" height="420px" style="face: Arial; font-size: 10pt;"]]

Once you have saved this page, your blogroll should appear.

Exporting and importing lists of feeds

  1. After you have subscribed to a few feeds, I want you to work through the process of exporting your links and then importing them into another feed reader.
    1. Go to your Bloglines page.
    2. Ensure that your feeds are listed on the left side of the page.
    3. About 3/4 of the way below “Additional Features” in the left panel you should see “Export subscriptions”. Click on it and save the file to someplace that you will be able to access after you leave this class.
  2. Go to Google Reader and log on.
    1. In the left pane, at the very bottom is a button “Manage subscriptions”; click on it.
    2. In the colored bar near the top of the window, click on the “Import/export” tab.
    3. Within this tab load the OPML file.
    4. View the subscriptions within this reader.
    5. Go back to “Manage subscriptions” and the “Goodies” tab. Read through it and see if there's anything of interest; think how you might use it within the context of being an analyst and keeping up with a company or industry segment.

Resources

Searchable subject indices of RSS feeds (with browsing)

  1. Yahoo Directory — RSS feeds of updates to specific Yahoo Directory categories
  2. Syndic8 — a directory of RSS feeds
  3. NewsIsFree — directory of RSS feeds
  4. RSS Network
  5. Financial Investing RSS feeds

Searchable RSS feed databases

  1. Bloglines Search
  2. Technorati
  3. Google Blog Search
  4. NewsIsFree
  5. Blogs.com
  6. Iterend
  7. Blogpulse

09 News Search exercises

by samooresamoore (01 Oct 2008 11:36; last edited on 01 Oct 2008 11:36)

Exercises

Looking at the general news services

  1. Yahoo News
    1. Search for [US financial crisis]
      • Be sure to put the search terms in the “news” search box and not the “Web” search box at the top of the page. Confusing!
      • Note that you can search for “All news” (what you'll use most), “News photos”, and “Video/audio”. However, as far as I can tell, when searching for “All news”, both photos and video results are returned at the top of the news listings. So, generally, just choose “All news”.
    2. Click on the “Advanced” or “Advanced Search” text to the right of the “Search” button.
      • Note the different choices you have here: sort, source, location, and categories.
    3. Browsing Yahoo News
      • Go back to the Yahoo News homepage
      • Click on the “Politics” tab
      • Note how much of a Web-based newspaper this feels like. Look for each of the following sections on this page:
        • Subtopics right below the “Politics” tab (in dark blue)
        • The top story
        • More top stories (some from each one of the subtopics)
        • The most popular political stories (either emailed, viewed, or recommended)
        • Political news from different original sources
        • Pointers to elsewhere on the Web (amazing, actually!)
        • RSS feeds for each one of the politics subtopics
        • Political stories from local newspapers (if you have signed in to Yahoo and set your location in your profile)
      • As you might guess, each of these features is also available for the other topics, including “Business”
  2. Google News
    1. Search for ["long-term capital management"]
      • On the results page, you have a whole bunch of things to look at:
        • Time-based selection on the left (under “Recent” and under “Archives”)
        • A timeline (a link near the top of the page) that helps you browse all of these resources
    2. Click on the “Advanced news search” link near the top of the page
      • Note the different choices you have here: date, source, and price (so you can just choose to see free articles if you so desire)
      • As you do more searches, you should be very careful that you don't end up in Google News Archive search. You'll be able to tell because you won't be able to sort by relevance any more. (That's one indication, as is the URL of the page.)
    3. Browsing Google News
      • Go back to the Google News homepage
      • Sign in to Google if you haven't already.
      • Personalize your news front page by clicking on the link on the right side of the page to edit this “personalized page”
      • Click on the “Business” link on the left side of the page. Look for each of the following sections on this page:
        • Top stories in business
        • Summaries of financial markets
        • Quotes of specific stocks
        • And, at the bottom of the page, all of the international versions that Google News currently is available in.
  3. AltaVista News
    1. Search for [US financial crisis]. Set the drop down boxes to “All topics”, “All regions”, and ''Last 7 days''. Note how many documents this retrieves.
      • Now change it so that the region is “United States”. Again, note how many documents are retrieved.
      • Now change the time to “Today/yesterday”.

Creating RSS feeds

You are now going to use either Yahoo or Google to create some RSS feeds relevant to your term project.

  1. Go the the appropriate home page.
  2. Enter a query relevant to your project into the news search box.
    • Go to the advanced search page and limit the results to the last day.
    • Sort the results by relevance.
    • Keep refining it.
    • Only continue when you're happy.
  3. Once you have found a news search that you're happy with, subscribe to the page with Bloglines (browser button if one's available).
  4. Do this as many times as you would like for as many search queries as possible.
    • You will probably continue to add to, and refine, these queries for the rest of the semester.
    • For the queries you end up using in your Bloglines account, in your project wiki you should have a description of the query and the source of the data (i.e., Yahoo or Google) and what type of information a user might expect to find in the feed.

This is very powerful and very convenient. Think of the ways that you might use this:

  • Suppose you have an interview coming up with a company. Define a query on this company a couple weeks before the interview, create an RSS feed on it, and then be up-to-date on that company when you walk in.
  • Suppose you were following a topic for a semester project (hint hint). Define several different queries about your topic using both Yahoo and Google, compare and contrast the results that you get over several days, see which one (if either) is better than the other, and then use those query results to stay current on the topic for the rest of the semester. Every other day pick out a big story and make a timeline of stories (and referenced articles) related to your topic.
  • Suppose you followed a sports team. You could define a query, subscribe to the results, and get the news about that team delivered to your RSS feed reader every day.

And so on.

Specialized News Search

  1. Use News Voyager to find the paper for Dodge City, Kansas.
  2. Historical news
    1. Go to Google News Archive search
    2. Enter [atkins diet] as a search term
    3. Notice the dates listed under “Archive” on the left. Click on “Before 2001”.
      • Now several other date ranges are shown here. It seems there is some limit on the number of different date ranges that are shown at one time.
    4. Again, search for [atkins diet] (so that you get the original list of dates back).
    5. Now click on “Other dates”.
    6. You are asked to enter a different range of dates. Enter 1970-1978 (and then search).
    7. Now you see a set of dates between 1970 and 1978. But this time click on “Timeline” at the top of the page.
    8. You now can see that the bulk of the references came in early 1973. Click on the bars in the barchart for 1973.
    9. This brings up a second barchart. This shows that the bulk of the references in 1973 came in March and April of that year.
    10. Click on the March bar.
    11. The first article listed (at least when I read this page) says “Mar 1973 — In fact, when the American Medical Association released…” At the end of this summary it says this snippet is from What if it's all been a big fat lie?. This article is from 2002.
      • Think about what's going on. An article from 2002 is listed under the 1973 timeline. Why? Because it documents that something specific happened in 1973. This little piece of this one article from 2002 has been referenced in the 1973 timeline! Think about all of the (computer based) text analysis that has to be done in order for this piece of text to appear in this timeline.
      • So, what do you really find in a timeline? Is it a timeline of publications? Or what?
  3. International news
    1. Go to World News
    2. Search for [guiness] (looking for mention of the beer company)
    3. When the search page comes up, scroll down a bit and scan through the headlines and text that are displayed — a fairly impressive set of results from around the world!
    4. Let's take a look at what's going on.
    5. Click on the “Advanced search” link in the upper right of the page.
    6. Look through the choices in the drop down boxes on this page: language, sort, date, and search type.
    7. Go back to the home page
    8. Look at the subtitles (i.e., Regional, Languages, Entertainment, etc.).
    9. Scroll across them with your mouse pointer and read the subtitles below them.
      • If you are following an international story, this seems like a good place to start your reading and searching.

11 The Deep Web

by samooresamoore (08 Oct 2008 11:49; last edited on 08 Oct 2008 11:49)

Exercises

  1. Search for [timber industry california]. Also search for information related to your term project. Look at the specific sites that are returned. Look at what types of information is available and the specific resources that are returned. Notice the user interface (of the query form and of the information that is returned) — is it good, bad, useful, confusing?

13 Email Alerts

by samooresamoore (15 Oct 2008 03:59; last edited on 15 Oct 2008 14:39)

Exercises

As usual, we're going to see how we can apply today's tool to your project topic. In all of the following, be sure to use + addressing when signing up for the alerts, and then use email filtering to separate these emails from the mass of other incoming email that you get.

In all of the following, you won't be able to judge the effectiveness of these email alerts for days or weeks at a time. Further, you will almost certainly be updating/changing/eliminating/adding email alerts over the rest of the semester as you become more familiar with them. That's okay with me, and you should expect that to occur. You might want to document your history (this semester) of what queries/email alerts you start with and what you end up with — and why you made these changes.

  1. With the Web searches that we defined for email alerts in today's class, search for site-based email alerts for your topic.
  2. Define some more-specific Yahoo alerts for your topic.
    • In our next class, we'll figure out how to make the broad-ranging alerts work for us (instead of overwhelming us).
  3. Use either Google Alerts or GoogleAlert to define some queries that you would like to be repeated, with the results sent to your email inbox.

14 Page Monitors

by samooresamoore (22 Oct 2008 02:14; last edited on 22 Oct 2008 14:35)

Exercises

Your goal today is to become more familiar with the tools for monitoring pages, creating feeds, and manipulating feeds.

Page monitors

  • Look at Page Monitoring Software Examples (from the lecture).
  • Use WatchThatPage to create page monitors that will be emailed to your account.
    • There's no limit on the number of pages that you can monitor with this Web site.
    • On this page, read “What is a channel?” This explains how to use channels to enable keyword matching for your page monitors. If you don't need keyword matching, then you need not worry about this.
  • I would be surprised if you end up defining fewer than a dozen page monitors by the end of the semester — or fewer than 3 by the end of today's class.

Using other people's work

  1. Search through the Dapps at Dapper.net and see if there are any tools that you can use for your own project. If so, add it to your blogroll (modifying it if necessary).
  2. Search through the popular Pipes at Yahoo Pipes and, again, see if there are any tools that you can use for your own project.
    • If so, add it to your blogroll (modifying it if necessary).
    • Just as importantly, add a link and a description to this page for useful RSS filters. It would surprise me if each of you don't add one or two filters/tools to this page.
  3. Go back to some “shotgun-style” RSS feeds that you have come across before and have been afraid to add to your blogroll simply because of the volume of information you knew you would get.
    • Create a Yahoo Pipe for that feed that focuses the feed onto one topic. You could possibly spend a whole semester playing with Yahoo Pipes and learning all of its ins-and-outs. You can search for the pipe called “companyinfo” (I created it) to see an example of a simple pipe. I highlighted lots of useful documentation on the page monitors page.
    • Add these feeds to your blogroll.
    • Also, if you create a pipe that other people might find useful, please add it to this page for useful RSS filters. You should also consider writing a blog entry about it.

Feed creation

The following are more complex and are not always needed, but are good tools to have in your toolbox. Expect to struggle a bit as you go through these exercises.

  1. There's two primary feed creation Web sites that we're going to use.
    • Feed43 is appropriate for creating feeds from pages with a list of information or just a piece of information that you want to capture in a feed.
    • Dapper is appropriate for creating feeds from pages that are created as the result of entering data into a search box. It's also a really rich source of previously created tools that you might want to take advantage of.
  2. We're going to look at Dapper first.
    • Go to the site and search for “finance”; see what Dapps have already been created. I found one called “Google Finance News” that looks pretty useful. You might find others (actually a lot of others). Let's look at bit at the Dapp for Google Finance News :
      1. We want to create an RSS feed, so set “Choose format” to “RSS Feed”.
      2. Be sure to click on the “Go” button after choosing “RSS Feed”.
      3. You now need to define the parts of the RSS feed.
        1. The title should be “News A”.
        2. The item text should be News C, D, & B.
      4. Enter the Stock Ticker in the box and click on “Update Input”.
      5. Click on “Get a nice short URL”.
      6. You do not want users to be able to supply the input values (i.e., the stock ticker). You want to define this RSS to deliver information about this particular stock.
      7. Give the service (Dapp; or RSS feed, in this case) a name (e.g., MSFTgooglefinance) or something like that.
      8. Click on “Save Service”.
      9. You can now add this RSS feed to your feed reader.
    • You can create other RSS feeds for other stocks based on this same Google Finance Dapp.
    • Search for other Dapps and see if any might be useful for either one of your projects. You might also go to that same page that you went to above and explore the tags identifying already existing Dapps.
  3. Now we're going to take a look at Feed43
    1. Let's make a feed based on the News page at Ross .
      1. Be sure to create an account and get logged in.
      2. Go to the “My Feeds” page.
      3. Click on the link to Create a new feed
      4. Enter the address http://www.bus.umich.edu/NewsRoom/ into the “Address” box and click on the “Reload” button.
      5. Wait a few seconds and the HTML for the page should appear in a new text box on the page.
      6. Look at the text of the page itself. What's the first news item? When I'm looking at it, it is “The People Paradox blah blah”.
      7. Go back to the page with the HTML. Search for the text of the title in the HTML.
      8. Now find all of the text for a row in the HTML table. Again, when I'm looking at it, this text is like the text on this page.
      9. In the box titled “Global Search Pattern” under “Define extraction rules”, put the following text: Recent News{%}
        • This code can be interpreted as find all matches for news after the string Recent News''.
      10. Copy all of this data (for the row above) to the text box below “Item (repeatable) Search Pattern”.
      11. Now, you want the text in the box to end like the text in this search pattern.
        • This means start with <tr but throw away everything up to the anchor tag. Now, in the anchor tag, save the HREF value and the text of the title. Next, throw away any text that is after the anchor tag.
        • So, at the end of this, we are left with just two values from each news item.
      12. Click on the “Extract” button.
      13. There should now be something like 20 news items in the text box below. If not, then you need to revise the search pattern.
      14. In the text box “Clipped data”, there should be a series of {%1} and {%2}
      15. Scroll down the page to the RSS feed properties.
      16. Clean up the feed title and feed description.
      17. Scroll down the page to the RSS item properties.
      18. The Item Title Template should be {%2}
      19. The Item Link Template should be {%1}
      20. Click on the Preview button.
      21. Once the RSS feed looks like you want it to, click on “Change file name” in order to make the feed name something more readable. For this example, make it “youruniqnameUMrossnews” (since everyone else is making a feed on this same page). Normally, you would just name it something like “michiganrossnews”.
      22. You can now add this feed to your feed reader. You have created a feed for a page that doesn't have a feed. When the page changes, you will be notified in the RSS feed.
  4. While looking on the Web and gathering pages for your projects, be on the look-out for pages like this (i.e., that have information that you're interested in, that don't have RSS feeds, but that you wish had RSS feeds). If you find them, use either Dapper or Feed43 to create feeds.

15 Tag Based Sites

by samooresamoore (27 Oct 2008 02:03; last edited on 27 Oct 2008 02:03)

Exercises

  1. Log on to (or create) your delicious account.
    1. Searching
    2. You should check out the following features. These are great tools for finding random sites that are useful and interesting.
    3. Search delicious for terms related to your term project.
  2. Explore furl.
    1. Create an account.
    2. If you're working on your own computer, add the Furl bookmarklet to your toolbar.
    3. Watch the [Furl video tour.
    4. Go to some page (maybe the Ross BBA Web page and Furl it (save it to Furl).
    5. Features:
    6. Consider using Furl to help gather information for your project. You could tag the pages with a special project tag so that you could easily separate your project pages from all the other pages you furl.
  3. Explore Digg.
    1. Create an account.
    2. Install the Digg Firefox extension.
    3. Features:
    4. Go to the search page and try out searches for [carbon trading] (change location of terms; change where the searches come from; change sort order).
    5. Search digg for terms related to your term project.
  4. Explore StumbleUpon.
    1. Create an account.
    2. Watch the video intro.
    3. Go to the search page and search for terms related to your project. (Sort by rating and then by review.)
  5. Explore CiteULike.
    1. Create an account.
    2. Search for carbon trading.
      • Under “Groups interested in: carbon trading”, notice the link “Climate Change.” — click on it. This brings up 60+ articles that are directly related to climate change.
    3. Go to the search groups page. Search for energy.
    4. Search for terms related to your term project.
    5. Search for groups related to your term project.

16 Image Search exercises

by samooresamoore (29 Oct 2008 01:43; last edited on 29 Oct 2008 01:43)

Exercises

In this section you should look for information related to your term projects. Think about creating a page that points to images related to the topic at hand — you could have links that point to query results for each of these sites.

  1. Search the following general Web search engines:
  2. Search Flickr using both full text and tags
    • Use Flickr's search tool
    • Be sure to explore flickr as well — it's pretty cool
    • Use Compfight to search Flickr.
  3. Use the following image-specific search engines
    • Pixolu — be sure to refine your search a couple of times using different photos each time. Try to ensure that the pics that you use in each set are relatively similar — that will help the tool provide better results for you.
    • Exalead Images — get an account at Exalead, then run a couple of searches, then try out the image management tools that Exalead provides.
    • PicSearch
    • Picitup (video)
    • TinEye
  4. Search news sites for images:
  5. Try out the face search tools. Look for someone either related to your project, some other class, or just personal interest. Be sure to try out several queries for several different people in order to get a good feel for how well (or not) these tools work.
  6. Also search the stock photo sites. See if there seems to be any quality difference between the pay site (iStockPhoto) and the other sites.

17 Custom Search Engines

by samooresamoore (02 Nov 2008 21:42; last edited on 03 Nov 2008 16:18)

Exercises

In this series of exercises, you're going to construct different versions of a custom search engine for your term project. Before you start, think of at least two or three URLs that it should search. Use these same URLs in each of the following. In each one of these cases, you will be able to go back and revise the list of URLs, so don't obsess about getting a complete and correct list here at the beginning.

Also, when you look at the custom search engines that have been created in these tools below, you should take advantage of being able to see the list of sites that these tools access (or deny) — you can add these sites to the sites you already know about when you create your own custom search engine.

After you have completed this series of exercises, you will be prepared to create a custom search engine for your term project. If you choose to use Google Custom Search Engine, you will need to embed the tool within your wiki; if you use any of the other tools, you will just include a link to the tool. I will definitely expect some type of custom search engine delivered with your term project.

Topicle

  1. Use an existing search engine
    1. Go to Topicle
    2. Enter [sports search] into the search box
    3. The search engine should appear right below this
      • Notice that it is a Google Custom Search Engine.
      • Notice that it searches (at this writing) three URLs.
    4. Type [detroit lions] (or whatever sports terms you would like) into the “Sports search” search box (and press enter)
      • When using FireFox (on a Mac), no search results appeared for me
      • When using Safari (on a Mac), this worked perfectly
    5. It is possible to provide a direct link to this search engine.
  2. Other uses
    • You can search for an appropriate search engine by placing your cursor in the search box at the top of the page, and then start to type your search terms. Just like in the Google or Yahoo search engines, matching terms will appear below the search box.
    • You can also browse by name by clicking on the appropriate tab at the top of the page.
  3. Create your own search engine
    1. Click on “Create Engine” on the right side of the home page
    2. Fill in two pieces of information
      • A descriptive name for your search engine.
      • Add the URLs to the second box
    3. Click on the “Create” button.
    4. You're done. You can now use and link to this search engine.

Eurekster Swicki

Read this article describing why swickis are different than other search engines.

  1. Register and login to Eurekster.
  2. Use an existing search engine.
    1. Go to the ReadWriteWeb swicki.
    2. Notice the tag cloud below the search box.
    3. Click on “Best image search engines”
    4. Now, in the results, notice the voting mechanism and the ability (on the right) either to add the search to your browser toolbar or to add the code for the widget to your own Web site.
  3. Watch the swicki video tour to get a better idea of how to create a swicki. This has no audio — it's just text and screen captures. (Very useful.)
  4. Following those instructions, create a swicki for your project.

Rollyo

This is a simple tool to use and has a large user base. Read this article describing why you should use Rollyo.

  1. Register and login at RollYO.
  2. Now explore the searchrolls that have already been created.
    • Be sure to try out the search box for rollyos. Search for “business” — there are bunches of custom search engines. Many of them fairly useless.
  3. Create your own searchroll. For now keep the searchroll private. Later, if and when you improve the search engine or want to incorporate it into your project, then you can make it public.

Google Custom Search engine

Google CSEs can be embedded in your own Web page or can be accessed via a link from your Web page (like all the previous tools).

  1. Go to Google Custom Search Engine and sign in.
  2. Look at the following:
  3. Let's look at my email alerts search engine.
    • This search engine adds ["email alerts"|"e-mail alerts"|"email alert"|"e-mail alert"] to every query. So if you put [science] in the search engine text box, it actually ends up searching for [science "email alerts"|"e-mail alerts"|"email alert"|"e-mail alert"].
  4. Now look at my nutrition & fitness search engine.
    • The benefit of this search engine is that it looks through 31 scientific nutrition journals for results.
  5. Create your own search engine.
  6. You can embed the search engine in a page within your own wiki. All I did for the following was to put the code created by Google within an embed tag.


18 Exploring Connections

by samooresamoore (05 Nov 2008 02:11; last edited on 05 Nov 2008 02:19)

Exercises

Web sites

  1. Use Yahoo Site Explorer to investigate the structure of one of the big sites that you are working with on your term project. See if you can find something on it that you didn't know existed.
  2. Use Yahoo SiteExplorer and Google (the link tag combined with the site tag) to see if you can find some sites that link to some of your more important sites (again, to see if you can find some sites that you might have been missing). This is a powerful tool for finding new and useful sites.

Exploring blog connections

Working with your top three favorite blogs (personal, corporate, or traditional media) for each of your term projects, use Bloglines to do the following. These exercises are meant to help you discover other blogs that you might want to read, cite, or take note of for your projects.

  1. Search for posts that cite it
    • Be sure to check out the matching feeds and matching news on the right side of the screen
  2. Search for feeds that cite it
  3. Search for citations
  4. Search the Web for it

Use Technorati to find the following:

  1. Find current citations related to the blog posts
  2. Find out everything that is known related to that blog
    • Check out the blog reactions (sort by authority)
    • Check out the set of tags under 'Top Tags'; click on one or two to see what it gets you

You might want to do the above exercises within [*blogsearch.google.com/ Google Blog Search].

Again, the point of the previous exercises is to possibly find relevant blogs that you didn't already know about.

How do people find your site

What you will want to do, once your site is made public, is watch the traffic that comes to your site. You'll want to see how many people visit your site. You'll want to see how they actually ended up at your site — was it through a search at Google, or was it by a link from another site? And then how many pages does that average user visit at your site? These and many other questions can be answered by Google Analytics. In the following we're going to set up an account at Google Analytics, and we're going to set it up so that GA will collect information about your site once it is made public.

  1. Go to Google Analytics
  2. Sign up for an account at Google Analytics
  3. Click on “Add Website Profile”
    • Radio button: “Add a profile for a new domain”
    • URL: YOURSITENAME.wikidot.com
    • Time zone country: United States
    • Time zone: (GMT-05:00) Eastern Time
  4. At the top of the page, under “Tracking Status Information”, you should notice a “Web Property ID” — this is the information you need. UA-xxxxxxx-x
    • Highlight the whole ID, and copy it to the computer's memory
    • You can ignore all of the instructions on this page
  5. Go to your wiki
  6. Click on “Site Manager” in the left menu
  7. Click on “3rd party tools” in the left menu
  8. Click on “Google Analytics” in the left menu
    • Paste the “Web Property ID” that you copied above into the field “Profile key”
    • Select the check box “Use Google Analytics”
    • Click on the “save changes” button

Nothing is going to happen now. Your site isn't even public! However, later, once you have made your site public, you will be able to monitor the traffic that comes to your site.

Popular blogs

The following is not really related to the all of these other topics and exercises; however, there really isn't any other place that I can put it, and I wanted you to know about these resources.

Be sure to check out the most popular blogs as determined by the following organizations. The point of this is to ensure that you're not leaving out one of the big players in your term project.

  1. Technorati
    • Sort by both “authority” and “number of fans”
  2. Bloglines Top 1000
  3. Times Online ``The 50 best business blogs''
  4. Techmeme Leaderboard — “Sources are ranked by Presence, the percentage of headline space a source occupies over the 30-day period. "Discussion" links are not taken in to consideration here — only full headlines are counted.”

20 Geography based exercises

by samooresamoore (12 Nov 2008 04:20; last edited on 12 Nov 2008 15:49)

Exercises

  1. Find a list of search engines for Australia
  2. Does Yahoo have a search engine home in Australia?
  3. Look through the directory of popular content on Google Maps.
    1. Find what's on the opposite side of the earth from your home town.
    2. Find some other content that you want to add to Google Maps
  4. Look through the home page of GoogleSightseeing; read one of the recent posts.
    1. Under "Sights by Locality", find one that interests you.
  5. Use WholeTravel to find some "sustainable" trips that you could make. I searched for [hiking mountains central america], but feel free to search for something more up your alley.
  6. Use TripBase to find out possible destinations for a trip you'll take the first summer after you have gotten a full time job.
    1. Use TripWolf to double check the information that you just found.
  7. Pick a U.S. city that you would like to visit, or just pick Ann Arbor or Detroit if you'd like. Use several of the local search engines to find restaurants and local events that would be of interest to you.
  8. Pick a U.S. city that you would like to visit.
    1. Use a couple of the travel directions sites to plan out the driving trip. When building the route, see if you can use the tool to specify several different stops along the trip.
    2. Use Roadside America to find some interesting tourist attractions along the way.
  9. Explore the variety of US and world maps available. You should especially note the maps that you can print and the CIA World Factbook maps.
  10. Check out the Brewster Jennings game.
  11. Just in case you're going to the moon, you might want to check out Google's map.
  12. Look over the maps of current interest (they always change).
  13. Try out this map maker. Add different layers and see how they can be combined.
  14. Explore some of the categories of maps at World Mapper.
  15. Where is the sun currently rising and setting in the world?
  16. Look at some of the tools available on EarthPulse.
  17. Use AuctionMapper to find some eBay auctions going on near here or near your home.
  18. Use either Oodle or LiveDeal to find search for some good (maybe some electronics?) for sale locally.
  19. Explore the value of houses in your home neighborhood using one of the real estate search tools.
  20. Plan out a walk (maybe your normal walk during the day) and see how long it is.
  21. Simply explore Wikimapia.
  22. Use a couple of the clock/time zone tools to find the times in Moscow, Tokyo, and Buenos Aires.
  23. If you don't download Google Earth to your own computer, I will have failed you. It is the most fun you can have (within context of a school-related activity, of course).

21 People Search exercises

by samooresamoore (15 Nov 2008 20:44; last edited on 17 Nov 2008 22:19)

Exercises

What we're going to do today is figure out the relative performance of different people search engines in 1) direct people search, and 2) reverse phone lookup.

  1. Pick one person for the first (maybe your mom or dad) and a phone number (maybe your home number) for the second.
  2. For each of the four general search engines and then each of the 15 search engines, perform the two searches (although it's possible that the reverse phone lookup isn't available).
  3. Periodically go up to the summary page at the front of the room and indicate for each one of these 38 possible searches whether or not the search found the appropriate information (within, let's say, the first two pages of results).

After finishing the above exercise, go through the social site search engines and see if you can find yourself.


22 Videos And Music Search exercises

by samooresamoore (17 Nov 2008 20:37; last edited on 19 Nov 2008 15:42)

Exercises

These exercises focus on helping you identify those sites that have videos that are pertinent to your project. We will, for the most part, leave the music sites for you to explore on your own time.

  1. Go through each one of the “Video search” sites and look for relevant videos. As you go through each one of these sites, assign a score of 1 (horrible) to 5 (amazing). After you are done with these sites, click on this link to the video summary sheet and record your scores.
    1. Youtube
    2. Truveo
    3. Blinkx
  2. Try each one of the “Podcast” sites and look for relevant podcasts. As you go through each one of these sites, assign a score of 1 (horrible) to 5 (amazing). After you are done with these sites (or at the end of class), click on this link to the podcast summary sheet and record your scores.
    1. Pod-o-matic
    2. VideoSurf
    3. Podcast Directory (search)
    4. Podcast Alley
    5. Everyzing (business podcasts)
    6. iBizRadio
    7. Podcast Blaster (directory)
    8. Podanza; business podcasts
    9. GetAPodcast
    10. Google
      • Search for [podcast] plus whatever information you're interested in.
    11. iTunes

24 Other Search Sites exercises

by samooresamoore (26 Nov 2008 01:10; last edited on 26 Nov 2008 01:12)

Exercises

The exercises today are pretty simple. You're going to use each one of the alternative search engines to explore topics related to your project.

  1. Be sure not to miss the following alternative search sites:
    • SearchMe
    • CoolIris (if you have brought your own computer)
    • Kosmix (the results page on this site is as good as I have seen)
    • iSeek (use the left column to further refine your search)
    • FactBites (enter your search and then look carefully at the whole results page)
    • Quintura (use the term cloud to refine your search)
    • SenseBot In-depth Search (create an in-depth search for your topic)
    • Hakia (use the "news" tool)
    • Exalead (use the "narrow your search" tool box on the right)
    • Cluuz (explore the whole page after you enter your search term)
    • Evri (enter a person, product, or thing that you are interested in, and then explore the whole results page)
    • Scour (use the related searches to refine your search)
    • Cuil (use the “Explore by Category” tool to the right to refine your search)
    • Lexxe (use the clusters to the left to refine your search)
  2. Use both wikipedia search tools
  3. Use the first two social information search tools (OneRiot, tuSavvy) to search for information about your project.
  4. Use SiloBreaker to search for information about your project.

25 Metasearch Engines exercises

by samooresamoore (30 Nov 2008 22:27; last edited on 01 Dec 2008 17:43)

Integrated meta-search

Your task today is to determine how well each of the integrated meta-search engines compare to the two most popular search engines. You should do the following:

  1. Devise a moderately complex search related to your term project (use phrases, multiple words, stuff like that).
  2. Submit the query to each of the tools below.
    1. For each tool, count the number of relevant results among the top 10 results delivered by the site.
    2. When you are done, record each of the numbers in the table below. You can use the template below to put your data into the table.
    3. You need to do this before leaving today's class.
yourName
Search tools
User Google Yahoo Search Info ixQuick Mamma Clusty DogPile
Susan Kennedy 5 3 2 3 3 1 1 5
Hernando Flowers 6 6 5 8 6 3 9 6
Daniel Nicholls 6 5 6 7 7 4 7 5
Caitlin De Gregorio 6 7 7 6 7 3 8 6
Brian Hendricks 7 8 9 8 10 3 5 6
Tyler Hauck 10 10 4 6 7 7 0 6
Paige Laytos 5 5 4 6 6 4 5 4
Eric Brackmann 7 6 8 5 8 1 9 6
Dylan Burkhardt 10 8 8 10 7 6 7 7
Jennifer Stanczak 7 3 7 7 4 2 6 6
Tim Muir 7 8 8 9 10 9 9 9
Roopak Pati 9 8 9 10 9 5 10 7
Andrew Hermatz 9 7 3 9 6 3 0 9
Wins (Google/other) 7/3 6/4 3/6 5/6 12/1 6/6 8/1

Results: Both Info and ixQuick compared favorably to Google (with Clusty doing equally as well as Google); apparently, you need not spend any time at Mamma.

Unified meta-search

  1. Go to Soovle and enter the query that you used above. Watch the interface. Press the right arrow key.
  2. Go to Search.IO
    1. Enter your query. Press enter to submit the query. Now switch between search engines.
    2. Now change from “Search Engines” to “News” and then press the “Go” button. Again, switch between search engines.
  3. Go to Joongel
    1. Enter your query. Click on the “Search” button to submit the query. Now switch between search engines.
    2. Click on the Joongel icon in the upper left corner to go back to the home page.
    3. Type in your query again, change to the “News” category, and then click on the “Search” button. Now you'll see that you have a choice of submitting the query to News sites, Newspapers, or Blogs. Click on whatever you want and see the results.
    4. Now switch to a new category by clicking on “Switch Category” in the upper right corner. Choose whatever category you want.
  4. Go to Zuula
    1. Enter your query and press enter to submit it.
    2. The results from one search engine (probably Google) will appear. Click on a different tab to see the results from another search engine.
    3. Now click on “Blog” at the top of the page in order to see blog results for this query.
    4. You can now click on different tabs to see the results from another blog search engine.
  5. Go to IntelWays
    1. Enter your query and press enter to submit it.
    2. The results from one search engine (probably Google) will appear.
    3. Click on “General” at the top of the page to change to a set of general web search engines.
    4. Now click on any of the buttons below your query to change to a different search engine.
    5. Now click on “News” at the top of the page in order to see the possible news search engines.
    6. You can now click on one of these news search engines to see its results for this query.
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